definition slope

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edited Dec 28 "16 at 8:50

Juniven

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asked Dec 28 "16 at 7:22

Khalid T. SalemKhalid T. Salem

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$\begingroup$ due to the fact that there is a deep connection between the slope and the derivative $\endgroup$

–user370967

Dec 28 "16 at 7:25

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The angle is one point you might care to think about, sure. The rise-over-run is another thing you might care to think about. The truth that the word "slope" visited the last is simply a caprice the history. ~ above the various other hand, the fact that the latter turned out to it is in an interesting and fruitful thing of examination is no mere quirk (but also, not that surprising). Periodically we space interested in direct proportionality relations favor $Y = mX$, and in those cases, the constant of proportionality $m$ is a natural thing come consider. Ratios space of common arithmetic importance, and that"s all that "slope" comes under to; investigating ratios.

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But there"s nothing wrong v thinking around angles, either. Just since we spend a the majority of time talking around slopes doesn"t average we"re against thinking about angles. Think about both! Think around everything! rwandachamber.org isn"t one either-or world; you can think around anything, everything, and also see what come of it.

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edited Dec 29 "16 in ~ 2:47

answer Dec 28 "16 at 8:03

Sridhar RameshSridhar Ramesh

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As rwandachamber.org_QED points the end in his comment, the derivative of a function at a allude is equal to the slope of the tangent line at the point, so over there is a connection between slopes identified as “rise end run” and also rates that change. Over there are various other contexts in which the edge of the heat is more natural or convenient. Since the slope of a heat is equal to the tangent the the angle the it provides with the $x$-axis, the two definitions are equivalent.

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reply Dec 28 "16 in ~ 7:40

amdamd

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In the end, it every comes down to the current meaning of steep being much more natural than utilizing degrees. Below are a few thoughts on the subject:

Using angles is dependent on the element ratio in between the axes. You deserve to have a line that looks prefer it"s $30^\circ$ in the picture, however it"s yes, really $89.97^\circ$. This can occur with slope together well, yet degrees bring a more heavier implication of what other *looks like*. Usually, v geometric figures, if friend "squash" them, you accept that the angle change. You could do that with functions. This is not a great idea, because that way that if you attract a graph, it it s okay one angle, and if you"ve written that edge down beside the graph, and someone renders a poor photocopy, climate what"s on there is all of sudden invalidated. For this reason the angle needs to be inherent in the function alone, i m sorry breaks just how we tink that angles: We expropriate that if you draw a square, and also squash that in one direction, climate it"s no a square anymore, and the diagonals room not $45^\circ$ come the sides.

Also, note the difference in between a line v slope $89.97^\circ$ and one with slope $89.98^\circ$. Because the natural way to "move" is to relocate with continuous speed along the $x$-axis, and also not along the graph, lock will different *fast*, while two lines of steep $30^\circ$ and also $30.01^\circ$ are an ext or less indistinguishable.

Then consider what wake up if you change your units. If the devices on the $x$-axis is seconds, and the devices on the $y$-axis is meters, climate the heat represents what your position is in ~ ny provided second, and the steep your rate in meters / second. To speak you have a line of steep $1$ in that coordinate system. If you change the length units to feet, the slope i do not care $1\frac multiple sclerosis \cdot 3.28 \frac\textfeetm = 3.28\frac\textfeets$, if the levels go native $45^\circ$ to... What, exactly? Insert trigonometry here. Pertained to this, what execute the degrees even measure? What"s a organic unit for them? ns daresay over there isn"t one.

What about if you add functions? The steep of the sum is the amount of the slopes. What is the angle you gain if you add a line with angle $37^\circ$ v a line of angle $62^\circ$? It"s not impossible, however it take away a couple of calculations to number out.

And then, the course, the derivatives, and all the rule we have for those. Try doing the chain preeminence with degrees. That"s trigonometry galore.

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So you *could* define slope native degrees, however you"d only make life hard for yourself in the lengthy run.